ecological effects of mining in nigeria

  • Environmental and Health Impacts of Mining in Nigeria

    Aug 15, 2018· Physical Environmental and Health Impacts of Mining in Nigeria. Small-scale mining results in lot of physical environmental impact on the affected area. 1. Land Degradation. One significant effect of mining is the destruction of natural landscape of the area as result of erosion.

  • Assessing the Ecological Effects of Mining in West Africa

    Nigeria’s abundant solid minerals constitute some of the largest known deposits in recent years under different categories. With the activities in the sector characterized by production and a growing environmental decline often overlooked. This research uses a mix scale approach of descriptive statistics and GIS methodology in analyzing the ecological impacts of mining in Nigeria.

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  • Environmental effect of mineral exploitation in Nigeria

    Aigbedion and Iyayi's (2007) study of the environmental effects of mineral exploitation in Nigeria indicates that the three stages of mineral development: exploration, mining and processing have

  • Environmental Impacts of Oil Exploration and Exploitation

    Environmental Impacts of Oil Exploration and Exploitation in the Niger Delta of Nigeria . By Kadafa, Adati Ayuba . Universiti Putra Malaysia . Abstract Problem Statement : Oil exploration and exploitation has been on-going for several decades in the Niger Delta. It has had disastrous impacts on the environment in the region and has adversely

  • The environmental implications of the exploration and

    The 1946 Act which included environmental protection in the regulation of mining activities still failed to protect the environment from the negative impacts of mining. The cost of a lack of environmental protection in the Act is evident in the Plateau tin mining fields (Chindo, 2012). 4.1.2. Environmental implication of coal mining

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  • Environmental Impacts of Mining and Smelting
    BackgroundChildren Are Most SusceptibleAssessing Hazards from Artisanal Mining in NigeriaOutsourcing Hazardous Processing A Growing ProblemGlobal Campaign to End Hazardous Mining ActivitiesThe mining sector is responsible for some of the largest releases of heavy metals into the environment of any industry. It also releases other air pollutants including sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides in addition to leaving behind tons of waste tailings, slag, and acid drainage. Occupational and environmental exposure to heavy metals, silica, and asbestos can occur during mining and milling operations. The smelting process (extracting the metal from the ore) is associated with the highest e...
  • Ecological impact of mining on soils of Southwestern Nigeria

    This paper investigated the current status of soils from three mine sites (Awo, Itagunmodi and Ijero-Ekiti) in Southwestern Nigeria. Composite soil samples were collected at 0 to 15 cm depth, air-dried and analysed for physical, chemical properties

  • Environmental Impact of Artisanal Gold Mining in Luku

    The evaluation of environmental impact of artisanal gold mining was carried out in Luku, Minna, North Central Nigeria, to evaluate environmental hazards associated with artisanal gold mining through field work and Laboratory analyses. During the field work, observations of the whole mining site were made so as to evaluate the physical impact of mining and representative soil samples were

  • Environmental and Health Implications of Coal Mining at
    IntroductionGeomorphology and Physiograpghy of The Study AreaLocal Geology of MaigangaMaterials and MethodsResults and DiscussionConclusionCoal has been a major means of fuel used in electricity generation. It has played a huge role in the development drive of several nations. Industrial revolutions had been powered by coal and the energy it supplied. In many countries coal is the primary source of energy [1, 2, 3, 4], and globally it provides around 27% primary energy need and generates about 36% of the world electricity [6, 7]. Hence, coal contributes to economic development, promoting high standard of living of people. Today...
  • Mining industry of Nigeria Wikipedia
    OverviewEcological effectsCoal, lignite and cokeGoldColumbite, wolframite, and tantaliteBitumenIron oreUranium

    Environmental officials with the government of Plateau State believe that 1,100 tin and columbite mines, abandoned after the mining boom of the 1960s,now pose serious health risks to as many as 2 million people living in the area. Radioactive mine tailings were reported to be a danger to local people living around mining fields in Jos,Barikin-Ladi,Bukur, Bassa and Riyom districts.

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  • Impacts of Oil Exploration in Niger Delta Nigeria

    Aug 29, 2018· In this article, we examine the different environmental problems associated with oil exploration (as well as spillage) in Niger Delta Nigeria. Furthermore, we bring into perspective the environmental impact occurring in an important wetland and marine ecosystem.

  • Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Nigeria

    Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) has long been practiced in Nigeria and around the world. Bolstered by historically high gold prices, a lack of viable alternative livelihoods, and a ready if expensive supply of mercury, there has been a resurgence of ASGM activities in northern Nigeria

  • Mining industry of Nigeria Wikipedia

    Ecological effects. Environmental officials with the government of Plateau State believe that 1,100 tin and columbite mines, abandoned after the mining boom of the 1960s,now pose serious health risks to as many as 2 million people living in the area. Radioactive mine tailings were reported to be a danger to local people living around mining

  • Environmental Impacts of Mining and Smelting

    Even relatively efficient mining operations result in enormous waste, emissions to air and water, and a legacy of environmental contamination in nearby communities. Around the world, unsafe mining and smelting practices have been responsible for a continuing series of environmental and human health disasters, which cause great human tragedy and

  • Environmental impact assessment of coal mining at Enugu

    The study on environmental impact assessment of coal mining was carried out at Akwuke and Iva mine communities in Enugu State, Nigeria (Figure 1). Enugu with an estimated population of 722,000 in 2006 (National Population Commission [NPC] 2006) has very large deposits of sub-bituminous coal, estimated at 1.5 million tons (Diala 1984).

  • What Is The Environmental Impact Of The Mining Industry

    Apr 25, 2017· Environmental Impacts Of Mining. As mentioned previously, mining activities can harm the environment in several ways. These are as follows: Air Pollution. Air quality is adversely affected by mining operations. Unrefined materials are released when mineral deposits are exposed on the surface through mining.

  • Environmental Effects of Sand and Gravel Mining on Land

    The increase in the demand for sand and gravel for construction and other purposes such as flood control has placed immense pressure on the environment where sand and gravel resources occur. This study was carried out to determine the environmental effects of sand and gravel mining in Luku, North central Nigeria, using field observations and laboratory analysis of soil samples.

  • Environmental issues in the Niger Delta Wikipedia

    The key environmental issues in the Niger Delta of Nigeria relate to its petroleum and industry.. The delta covers 20,000 km² within wetlands of 70,000 km² formed primarily by sediment deposition. Home to 20 million people and 40 different ethnic groups, this floodplain makes up 7.5% of Nigeria's total land mass. It is the largest wetland and maintains the third-largest drainage basin in Africa.

  • Environmental, health and socio-economic implications of

    effects are threatening the sustainability of Nigeria’s hitherto quality environment (FEPA 1991, NEST 1991). Although some work has been done on the effects of mining solid minerals on the Nigerian environment, emphasis on the negative effects of the mining has

  • Environmental Effects of Sand and Gravel Mining on Land

    carried out to determine theenvironmental effects of sand and gravel mining in Luku, North central Nigeria, using field observations and laboratory analysis of soil samples. Field work was carried out in the area to determine the physical environmental effects of mining while soil samples were analysed at the National Geo-science Research

  • Minimizing the Impact of Mining Activities for Sustainable

    Nigeria is endowed with abundant mineral resources. However, their extraction and processing through mining activities especially, of the solid minerals are going on at different scales of intensity. Some of these operations, and their negative impacts to the environment which include: land degradation, ecological disruption giving rise to air, land and water pollution and death of flora and

  • Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts of Surface Mining

    Abstract. The mining industry remains the backbone of many economies in the developing world. This paper has examined the socio-economic and associated environmental impacts of surface mining in Udege District Nasarawa, The study established the local mining methods, examined the socio-economic and environmental impacts of surface and illegal mining on the host communities, and

  • Environmental Impacts of oil mining activities in the

    Environmental Impacts of oil mining activities in the Niger Delta Mangrove Ecosystem. Dr. Elijah I. Ohimain Rohi Biotechnologies Ltd, 104D Airport Road, by Okumagba Avenue Junction PO Box 4517 Warri, Delta State, Nigeria Phone: 234-80-34023676, Fax:

  • The Environmental Implication of Illegal Minning

    huge strip mines measuring several kilometers in diameter. Virtually all surface mining activities have one or several forms of environmental implications that vary in magnitude of severity in the short or long run. Table 1 gives general forms of surface mining and their main environmental impacts whether in the short or long run.

  • Environmental issues in the Niger Delta Wikipedia

    The key environmental issues in the Niger Delta of Nigeria relate to its petroleum and industry.. The delta covers 20,000 km² within wetlands of 70,000 km² formed primarily by sediment deposition. Home to 20 million people and 40 different ethnic groups, this floodplain makes up 7.5% of Nigeria's total land mass. It is the largest wetland and maintains the third-largest drainage basin in Africa.

  • Environmental, health and socio-economic implications of

    effects are threatening the sustainability of Nigeria’s hitherto quality environment (FEPA 1991, NEST 1991). Although some work has been done on the effects of mining solid minerals on the Nigerian environment, emphasis on the negative effects of the mining has

  • Impact of mining activities on ground water quality status

    mining mills scattered all over the State [8]. Dareta village is one of such mining fields. The uncontrolled and illegal mining activities have left a lot of environmental hazards, enormous amount of wastes and different types of pollutants on the mining communities. Many deaths are being recorded in different communities of the state.

  • Environmental Impact of Mining Exploitation: A Case Study

    Extraction of mineral resources is the backbone of the national economy in many developed and developing countries of the world. However, the exploitation can have many negative impacts on the immediate environment of the exploitation sites. In this study performed on some mining areas of the Moroccan Anti-Atlas, four principal negative effects were detected: effect on the physiognomy, on

  • Environmental Impacts of oil mining activities in the

    Environmental Impacts of oil mining activities in the Niger Delta Mangrove Ecosystem. Dr. Elijah I. Ohimain Rohi Biotechnologies Ltd, 104D Airport Road, by Okumagba Avenue Junction PO Box 4517 Warri, Delta State, Nigeria Phone: 234-80-34023676, Fax:

  • The Environmental Impact of China’s Investment in Africa

    Like most global FDI in Africa, Chinese FDI is concentrated in sectors of the economy that are especially vulnerable to environmental concerns such as energy, mining, fishing, and forestry. Chinese companies have invested in mines that are sometimes located in ecologically fragile areas where there is a higher risk of environmental degradation.

  • Minimizing the Impact of Mining Activities for Sustainable

    Nigeria is endowed with abundant mineral resources. However, their extraction and processing through mining activities especially, of the solid minerals are going on at different scales of intensity. Some of these operations, and their negative impacts to the environment which include: land degradation, ecological disruption giving rise to air, land and water pollution and death of flora and

  • Environmental Effects of Sand and Gravel Mining on Land

    carried out to determine theenvironmental effects of sand and gravel mining in Luku, North central Nigeria, using field observations and laboratory analysis of soil samples. Field work was carried out in the area to determine the physical environmental effects of mining while soil samples were analysed at the National Geo-science Research

  • Environmental Risks of Mining

    Deforestation due to mining leads to the disintegration of biomes and contributes to the effects of erosion. In situ leach (ISL) mining ISL mining has environmental and safety advantages over conventional mining in that the ore body is dissolved and then pumped out, leaving minimal surface disturbance and no tailings or waste rock (World

  • The Environmental Implication of Illegal Minning

    huge strip mines measuring several kilometers in diameter. Virtually all surface mining activities have one or several forms of environmental implications that vary in magnitude of severity in the short or long run. Table 1 gives general forms of surface mining and their main environmental impacts whether in the short or long run.

  • The Impact and Effect of Illegal Mining (galamsey) towards

    The environmental impacts of such small operations have, however, varied, depending on methods and the scale of operation. The Minerals and Mining Act, 2006 (Act 703) which is a continuation of the Small-Scale Gold Mining Law, PNDC L 218 enacted in 1989 given the procedures of issuing a

  • Environmental effect of mineral exploitation in Nigeria

    effect on the environment of the activities involved in harnessing the minerals in Nigeria. An attempt will also be made to examine the possible precautions and reme-dies that can be applied in order to mitigate the effect of adverse environmental impact of mining activities. Table 1 shows the minerals deposits that are currently

  • Human health and environmental assessments of small-scale

    Jul 12, 2017· This study assessed the health and environmental impacts of artisanal gold mining in Ijesha-land, Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria. Fifty-four environmental samples were collected between 2011 and 2012 and analyzed for major, trace and rare earth elements using standard procedures. Samples were collected from surface water (rivers and streams), groundwater, bottom

  • Environmental impacts : Oil Exploration and Extraction in

    Jul 08, 2013· Nigeria has created the following agencies over the years to help curb environmental impacts of oil and mineral extraction: 1. Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) 2. National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) 3.